This week pro-democracy protesters have again urged Hong Kong’s leader to step down saying he will be condemned by history, as huge crowds continue to bring parts of the territory to a standstill. This is the largest protest in Hong Kong in recent years the last protest of this size was 25 years ago in 1989.
The Tiananmen Square protests of 1989, commonly known as the June Fourth Incident (六四事件) or more accurately ’89 Democracy Movement (八九民运) in Chinese, were student-led popular protests in Beijing which took place in the spring of 1989 and received broad support from city residents, revealing deep splits inside China’s political leadership. The protests were forcibly suppressed by hardline leaders who ordered the military to enforce martial law in the country’s capital. The crackdown that initiated on June 3–4 became known as the Tiananmen Square Massacre or the June 4 Massacre as troops with assault rifles and tanks inflicted casualties on unarmed civilians trying to block the military’s advance towards Tiananmen Square in the heart of Beijing (no massacre inside Tiananmen Square), which student and other demonstrators had occupied for seven weeks.